At Active Kids Nursery Hove we believe that children have the right to be treated with respect and to be safe from any abuse in whatever form.

Safeguarding Children

Active Kids Nursery Hove is committed to providing an environment which ensures all children are safe from harm and neglect and will respond to any such suspicion following the policies and procedures set out below. Our aim is to ensure all children who come here receive the highest level of care, provision and education and we work together with external agencies and parents to ensure the safety of all children and provide a safe environment for all. Children have the right to be treated with respect and to be safe from any abuse in whatever form.

Safeguarding and promoting the welfare of children, for the sake of this policy is defined as:

Protecting children from maltreatment
Preventing the impairment of children’s health or development
Ensuring that children are growing up in circumstances consistent with the provision of safe and effective care
Taking action to enable all children to have the best outcomes.
(Definition taken from the HM Government document ‘Working together to safeguard children 2013’).

We support the children within our care, protect them from maltreatment and have robust procedures in place to prevent the impairment of children’s health and development. Safeguarding is a much wider subject than the elements covered within this single child protection policy; therefore this document is being used in conjunction with the other Active Kids Nursery Hangleton policies and procedures.

Aims of the setting:

To ensure appropriate measures are in place to safeguard and promote the welfare of children, responding to immediate concerns via the appropriate and relevant authorities
To provide staff with appropriate safeguarding courses. Supported by regular refresher courses in house
Create an environment to encourage children to develop a positive self-image;
Encourage children to develop a sense of independence and autonomy in a way that is appropriate to their age and stage of development;
Provide safe and secure environment for all children;
Staff will always listen to children and follow the training provided to ensure children feel safe to talk.
Support children in building a sense of independence and an awareness of who they can talk to including their family and peers.
Active Kids Nursery  has a clear commitment to protecting children and promoting welfare. Should anyone believe that this policy is not being upheld, it is their duty to report the matter to the attention of the Active Kids Nursery manager person at the earliest opportunity. (Please refer to the Whistleblowing Policy for further information)

Practitioners have a duty to protect and promote the welfare of children. Due to the many hours of care we are providing, staff will often be the first people to sense that there is a problem. They may well be the first people in whom children confide about abuse. Our prime responsibility is the welfare and well-being of all children in our care. As such we believe we have a duty to the children, parents and staff to act quickly and responsibly in any instance that may come to our attention. All staff will work as part of a multi-agency team where needed in the best interests of the child.

It is important to note that Active Kids Nursery  does not investigate individual child protection cases or referrals, therefore all Active Kids Nursery Hangleton staff need to follow the procedures set out to ensure that all allegations or suspicions of abuse or significant harm are reported to the relevant organisation e.g. Multi Agency Safeguarding Hub (MASH) or The Local Authority Designated officer (LADO) (See below for details). All allegations or suspicions will be shared without delay and within agreed protocols.

The Active Kids Nurseries  responsibilities are to:

Ensure that children are never placed at risk while in the charge of Active Kids Nursery staff
Ensure that confidentiality is maintained at all times
Ensure that all staff are trained to understand the safeguarding policy and procedure, are alert to identify possible signs of abuse, understand what is meant by child protection and are aware of the different ways in which children can be harmed including by other children i.e. bullying, discriminatory behaviour
Ensure that all staff are familiar and updated regularly with child protection issues and procedures
Ensure parents are fully aware of child protection policies and procedures when they register with Active Kids Nursery and are kept informed of all updates when they occur
Keep the child at the centre of all we do
Regularly review and update this policy with staff and parents where appropriate.
Provide adequate staffing to meet the needs of the children
Ensure all staff that work with children are subject to an enhanced DBS application
Volunteers will never work unsupervised
Staff will record any suspicious marks on a child and seek advice to a suitable next step.
We have enhanced security on entrance and exits that includes level three staff opening the doors, CCTV in the building. Alongside this no unauthorised person will have unsupervised access to a child.
Types of abuse

Abuse and neglect are forms of maltreatment of a child. Somebody may abuse or neglect a child by harming them, or by failing to act to prevent harm. Children may be abused within a family, institution, or community setting by those known to them or a stranger. This could be an adult or adults, another child or children.

The signs and indicators listed below may not necessarily indicate that a child has been abused, but will help us to recognise that something may be wrong, especially if a child shows a number of these symptoms or any of them to a marked degree.

Physical abuse

Action needs to be taken if staff have reason to believe that there has been a physical injury to a child, including deliberate poisoning; where there is definite knowledge, or reasonable suspicion that the injury was inflicted or knowingly not prevented. These symptoms may include bruising or injuries in an area that is not usual for a child, e.g. fleshy parts of the arms and legs, back, wrists, ankles and face.

Many children will have cuts and grazes from normal childhood injuries – these should also be logged and discussed with the Active Kids Nursery manager. To ensure there is no pattern to the injuries sustained.

Children and babies may be abused physically through shaking or throwing. Other injuries may include burns or scalds. These are not usual childhood injuries and should always be logged and discussed with the Active Kids Nursery manager

Procedure:

All signs of marks/injuries to a child, when they come into Active Kids Nursery Hangleton or occur during time at the Active Kids Nursery, will be recorded as soon as noticed by a staff member;
Incidents will then be referred to the Early Help team for further steps to be taken. Any suspicious marks will be discussed first with the relevant agency to ensure any child in our care is protected and their guidance will be followed
Incidents will be discussed with the parent at the earliest opportunity. However this may be under the advice of a relevant agency.
Fabricated illness

This is also a type of physical abuse. This is where a child is presented with an illness that is fabricated by the adult carer. The carer may seek out unnecessary medical treatment or investigation. The signs may include a carer exaggerating a real illness or symptoms, complete fabrication of symptoms or inducing physical illness e.g. through poisoning, starvation, inappropriate diet. This may also be presented through false allegations of abuse or encouraging the child to appear disabled or ill to obtain unnecessary treatment or specialist support.

Sexual abuse

Action needs be taken under this heading if the staff member has witnessed occasion(s) where a child indicated sexual activity through words, play, drawing, had an excessive pre-occupation with sexual matters, or had an inappropriate knowledge of adult sexual behaviour or language. This may include acting out sexual activity on dolls/toys or in the role play area with their peers, drawing pictures that are inappropriate for a child, talking about sexual activities or using sexual language or words. The child may become worried when their clothes are removed, e.g. for nappy changes.

The physical symptoms may include genital trauma, discharge, and bruises between the legs or signs of a sexually transmitted disease (STD). Emotional symptoms could include a distinct change in a child’s behaviour. They may be withdrawn or overly extroverted and outgoing. They may withdraw away from a particular adult and become distressed if they reach out for them, but they may also be particularly clingy to a potential abuser so all symptoms and signs should be looked at together and assessed as a whole.

If a child starts to talk openly to an adult about abuse they may be experiencing; the procedure stated later in this document under ‘recording abuse suspicions’ will be followed.

Procedure:

The adult should reassure the child and listen without interrupting if the child wishes to talk
Never make promises to the child
The observed instances will be detailed in a confidential report
The observed instances will be reported to the Active Kids Nursery manager
The matter will be referred to MASH for further guidance and support. This may also go to the Early Help Hub.
Emotional abuse

Action should be taken under this heading if the staff member has reason to believe that there is a severe, adverse effect on the behaviour and emotional development of a child, caused by persistent or severe ill treatment or rejection.

This may include extremes of discipline where a child is shouted at or put down on a consistent basis, lack of emotional attachment by a parent, or it may include parents or carers placing inappropriate age or developmental expectations upon them. Emotional abuse may also be imposed through the child witnessing domestic abuse and alcohol and drug misuse by adults caring for them.

The child is likely to show extremes of emotion with this type of abuse. This may include shying away from an adult who is abusing them, becoming withdrawn, aggressive or clingy in order to receive their love and attention. This type of abuse is harder to identify as the child is not likely to show any physical signs.

Procedure:

The concern should be discussed with the Active Kids Nursery manager
The concern will be discussed with the parent
Such discussions will be recorded and the parent will have access to such records
An Early Help Assessment may need to be filled out
If there appear to be any queries regarding the circumstances, the matter will be referred to MASH. This may happen before a parent is contacted. This may also go to the Early Help Hub.
Neglect

Action should be taken under this heading if the staff member has reason to believe that there has been persistent or severe neglect of a child (for example, by exposure to any kind of danger, including cold and starvation and failure to seek medical treatment when required on behalf of the child), which results in serious impairment of the child’s health or development, including failure to thrive.

Signs may include a child persistently arriving at Active Kids Nursery unwashed or unkempt, wearing clothes that are too small (especially shoes that may restrict the child’s growth or hurt them), arriving at Active Kids Nursery Hangleton in the same nappy they went home in or a child having an illness that is not being addressed by the parent. A child may also be persistently hungry if a parent is withholding food or not providing enough for a child’s needs.

Neglect may also be shown through emotional signs, e.g. a child may not be receiving the attention they need at home and may crave love and support at Active Kids Nursery. They may be clingy and emotional. In addition, neglect may occur through pregnancy as a result of maternal substance abuse.

Procedure:

The concern should be discussed with the Active Kids Nursery manager
The concern will be discussed with the parent
Such discussions will be recorded and the parent will have access to such records
An Early Help Assessment may be completed and further agencies will be contacted.
If there appear to be any queries regarding the circumstances MASH will be notified. Please note this may happen before we speak to the parent if the concern relates to them. This may also go to the Early Help Hub.
Indicators of child abuse

Failure to thrive and meet developmental milestones
Fearful or withdrawn tendencies
Aggressive behaviour
Unexplained injuries to a child or conflicting reports from parents or staff
Repeated injuries
Unaddressed illnesses or injuries.
Recording suspicions of abuse and disclosures

Staff should make an objective record (supported by the Active Kids Nursery manager or Designated Safeguarding Co-ordinator (DSCO) of any observation or disclosure and include:

Child’s name
Child’s address
Age of the child and date of birth
Date and time of the observation or the disclosure
Exact words spoken by the child
Exact position and type of injuries or marks seen
Exact observation of an incident including any other witnesses
Name of the person to whom the concern was reported, with date and time; and the names of any other person present at the time.
Any discussion held with the parent(s) (where deemed appropriate).

These records will be signed by the person reporting this and the manager, dated and kept in a separate confidential file.

If a child starts to talk to an adult about potential abuse it is important not to promise the child complete confidentiality. This promise cannot be kept. It is vital that the child is allowed to talk openly and disclosure is not forced or words put into the child’s mouth. As soon as possible after the disclosure it is vital details are logged down accurately.

It may be thought necessary that through discussion with all concerned the matter needs to be raised with the Multi Agency Safeguarding Hub and Ofsted, and/or an Early Help Assessment needs to be initiated. Staff involved may be asked to supply details of any information/concerns they have with regard to a child. The Active Kids Nursery Hangleton expects all members of staff to co-operate with the MASH (Multi Agency Safeguarding Hub) and Ofsted in any way necessary to ensure the safety of the children.

Staff must not make any comments either publicly or in private about a parent’s or staff’s supposed or actual behaviour.

Staffing and volunteering

It is the policy of the Active Kids Nursery to provide a secure and safe environment for all children. The Active Kids Nursery will therefore not allow an adult to be left alone with a child who has not received their enhanced Disclosure and Barring Service (DBS) clearance.

All staff will attend child protection training and receive initial basic child protection training during their induction period. This will include the procedures for spotting signs and behaviours of abuse and abusers, recording and reporting concerns and creating a safe and secure environment for the children in Active Kids Nursery Hangleton.

We have a named person within Active Kids Nursery that takes lead responsibility for safeguarding and co-ordinates child protection and welfare issues. The Active Kids Nursery DSCO undertakes specific training and receives regular updates to developments within this field.

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Friendly

Our staff’s priority is to provide a friendly atmosphere for both children and parents.

Play Areas

We ensure that play areas are setup each day to reinforce different areas of the EYFS and promote your child’s development.

Qualified

All our staff are fully qualified and trained in every aspect of the EYFS.

Education

We draw from a variety of educational teaching styles including The Montessori Approach, The Waldorf Approach and The Reggio Emilia Approach.

Experienced

When planning our ratios we always ensure that experienced staff members accompany junior ones.

Learning

If Children under the age of 6 years are gently encouraged to learn through interesting games, they pick up skills that will help them maintain an edge through their lives.

Ofsted Graded GOOD